Member Resources:
2005 Annual Session Adopted Resolutions

Education 

Resolution 100RC-2005 A Call for Removing Barriers to Dental Student Participation in the "Give Kids a Smile" Program 

Resolution 103RC-2005 Postgraduate Aplication Process Improvements 

Licensure 

Resolution 200-2005 Creation of a Task Force on National Board Dental Examinations 

Resolution 201-2005 Creation of a Task Force on Clinical Licensure Examinations 

Resolution 202RC-2005 Revision of Policy L-1 

Resolution 203-2005 Position on ADEX Examination 

Governance and Professional Issues 

Resolution 300-2005 Renaming of ASDA Regions to Districts 

Resolution 301-2005 Amendment to Removal from Office for Delegates 

Resolution 302-2005 Position Description for Members-at-Large 

Resolution 303-2005 Creation of a Council on Annual Session 

Resolution 304-2005 Amendment to Presidential Executive Authority 

Resolution 305-2005 Deadline for Applications for Speaker of the House and Executive Committee 

Resolution 306-2005 Deadline for Amendments to Constitution and Bylaws 

Resolution 307-2005 Revision to Speaker of the House of Delegates Election 

Resolution 308-2005 Revision to Election Procedures 

Resolution 310-2005 Reorganization of Predental Membership 

Resolution 311-2005 Student Representation in State Dental Societies 

Resolution 312-2005 Creation of a Task Force on Access to Care 

Resolution 313-2005 Distribution of ASDA Publications to First-Year Dental Students 

Resolution 314-2005 Investigation of the Facts of the Alaska Dental Health Aide Therapist Program 

Resolution 315RC-2005 Revision of Policy C-1 


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2002 Adopted Resolutions
2001 Adopted Resolutions 


Resolution Number: 100RC-2005

Title: A Call for Removing Barriers to Dental Student Participation in the "Give Kids a Smile" Program (GKAS)

Background: Due to scheduling of classes and exams that conflict with GKAS, many dental students across the nation find participation in the program difficult or impossible even though they have a strong desire to be involved with the direct patient care provided in the GKAS program at their respective dental schools.

It is understood that not all U.S. dental schools provide direct patient care during the GKAS program. Those schools often find other ways to participate. In addition, some schools choose to hold their event on a weekend, eliminating a potential conflict with scheduled classes and exams.

But at schools that traditionally provide direct patient care in the GKAS program during the school week, first and second year students are often underutilized in this program, resulting in decreased continuity of the program from year to year, limited exposure to this positive patient care/assisting experience, and an overall reduction in the quantity of and comprehensive care delivered to those served (e.g. reduction in Oral Health Instruction, Prophys, Nutrition Counseling, and Tobacco Education).

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that the American Student Dental Association encourages U.S. Dental Schools that participate in the Give Kids a Smile program (GKAS) to allow the dental school curriculum to accommodate the students interested in participating in the event, and be it further

Resolved, that this policy be distributed to all U.S. Dental Schools.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 103RC-2005

Title: Postgraduate Application Process Improvements

Background: Our goal is to simplify the application process to postgraduate specialty and residency programs. The process is currently complex and expensive. There is a standardized, centralized process (PASS) operated by the American Dental Education Association (ADEA), but it can sometimes be inefficient or not used at all by many programs. Programs that do use it often ask for duplicate supplemental documentation at a significant cost to the student. A similar process for applying to dental school (AADSAS) is also run by the ADEA and gathers much of the same information that PASS requests.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that the Council on Dental Education and Licensure provide ADEA with student concerns regarding the PASS system prior to the 2006 ASDA Annual Session.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 200-2005

Title: Creation of a Task Force on National Board Dental Examinations

Background: The Executive Committee reviewed the Task Forces which had been authorized for the 2004-05 year, and based on this review and consideration of current issues of importance to dental students, propose the creation of a Task Force on National Board Dental Examinations Parts I and II.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that a Task Force on National Board Dental Examinations Parts I & II be authorized for 2005-06 to meet during the Fall and Spring Leadership Conferences; and be it further

Resolved, that the members of the 2005-06 task force be appointed by the Executive Committee, and be it further

Resolved, that the task force include no less than four members who are either consultants, members of the Board of Trustees, or Members-at-Large who are already funded to the Fall and Spring Leadership Conferences, and one (non-voting) staff liaison, and be it further

Resolved, that this task force review NBDE I & II, with the intent to document student concerns regarding these exams, and complete a formal report to present to the Board of Trustees by its spring meeting, and be it further

Resolved, that following board approval, this report be sent to the ADA.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 201-2005

Title: Creation of a Task Force on Clinical Licensure Examinations

Background: The Executive Committee reviewed the Task Forces which had been authorized for the 2004-05 year, and based on this review and consideration of current issues of importance to dental students, propose the creation of a Task Force on Clinical Licensure.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that a Task Force on Clinical Licensure Examinations be authorized for 2005-06 to meet during the Fall and Spring Leadership Conferences, and be it further

Resolved, that the members of the 2005-06 task force be appointed by the Executive Committee, and be it further

Resolved, that the task force include no less than four members who are either consultants, members of the Board of Trustees, or Members-at-Large who are already funded to the Fall and Spring Leadership Conferences, and one (non-voting) staff liaison, and be it further

Resolved, that this task force aid the Board of Trustees and the Consultant on Licensure in their efforts to monitor developments in the area of Clinical Licensure Examinations.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 202RC-2005

Title: Revision of Policy L-1

Background: In 2004, the House of Delegates referred the following Resolution to the Council on Dental Education and Licensure, which in turn, referred the Resolution to the Task force on Dental Licensure Reform.

HOD 206RC Consolidated Model for Initial Licensure Resolved, that ASDA supports a three-option approach to initial licensure, in any jurisdiction, of candidates who have graduated from a dental school accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA):
1.) That candidates may be licensed following completion of a CODA accredited residency of at least one year in lieu of a clinical licensure exam.
2.) That candidates may be licensed by passing a non-patient based examination emphasizing the recognition, diagnosis, and treatment planning, and with the option of a written treatment of disease.
3.) That candidates may be licensed based on possession of a valid license from another jurisdiction, with no requirement for duration of prior practice.

This resolution was referred to the Council on Dental Education and Licensure with the intent to develop 206RC to return it to the 2005 House of Delegates. The Task Force on Dental Licensure Reform has developed the following proposed policy on Dental Licensure.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that ASDA’s policy L-1, Dental Licensure (revised 1998, 2001, 2002) be replaced with the following text:

L-1 Initial Licensure Pathways

Until a fair and ethical, reliable and reproducible, valid, and clinically relevant national common-content evaluation of minimal competence for initial licensure has been developed, and until all dental licensing jurisdictions of the United States and its territories accept such an examination, the American Student Dental Association supports the universal acceptance of all regional and state clinical licensing examinations.

Regardless of the examining authority or the jurisdiction in which the exam is administered, the American Student Dental Association believes that any clinical licensing examination intended to measure technical skill via a sequence of independent clinical tasks should:

  • be a non-patient based examination emphasizing the recognition, diagnosis, and treatment planning of disease, in conjunction with the treatment of simulated disease by use of a typodont.
  • be administered in the final year of dental school.
  • provide opportunities for remediation, at the candidates’ dental school, prior to graduation.
  • guarantee anonymity of candidates and examiners.
  • be administered by examiners who have been calibrated to provide standardized and consistent scoring.
  • not include a written examination that duplicates the content of the National Dental Board Examination Parts 1 or 2.
  • be offered to candidates at the lowest reasonable cost possible.

While the American Student Dental Association supports continual improvement of existing examinations and collaborative development of a new examination, the association believes the following alternatives are preferable to the current licensure process:

  • Initial licensure without an independent clinical licensing examination:
    Graduates of dental schools accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation should be eligible for initial licensure without taking any additional clinical examination.
  • A portfolio-type clinical examination based on cases compiled during the final year of dental school:
    Such an examination should require a standardized catalog of required clinical procedures and the portfolio should be evaluated by an examiner independent of the dental school.
  • A non-traditional patient based clinical licensure examination:
    Although the American Student Dental Association does not support the use of live patients in traditional clinical licensing examinations, the association recognizes the potential for creation of an ethical, patient based examination.
  • An Objective Structured Clinical Examination designed to evaluate a candidate’s diagnostic and treatment planning skills.
  • Completion of a one year post graduate residency program:
    Completion of a postgraduate residency program that has been accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation and has a minimum duration of one year should be sufficient to substitute for the clinical licensure examination requirement in any jurisdiction. However, the American Student Dental Association opposes a mandatory postgraduate residency in any licensing jurisdiction.

House Action: Resolution adopted by the House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 203-2005

Title: Position on ADEX Examination

Background: The following letter provides background information on this resolution, which was adopted by the Board of Trustees at its April meeting and was published in ASDA News.
Please refer to the Supplemental Reports to the 2005 House of Delegates Resolutions for additional background information.

Dr. Cynthia Riffle, President
American Association of Dental Examiners
Marquette University School of Dentistry
P. O. Box 1881
Milwaukee, WI 53201

Dr. Scott Houfek, President
American Board of Dental Examiners
P. O. Box 488
Big Piney, WY 83114

Dear Drs. Riffle and Houfek:

On behalf of the American Student Dental Association, I would like to thank you for the invitation to attend your Forum on Examinations meeting in Chicago. As you know, students have been eagerly awaiting details about the new uniform clinical exam. Our representatives obtained and relayed a wealth of information about ADEX’s efforts.

We are pleased to see the examining community take steps towards revamping the licensure process. Students will certainly be excited to learn that the clinical exam they take next year will allow for greater freedom of movement.

At this time, the ASDA Board of Trustees cannot offer its support of the ADEX examination. While ASDA does support the concept of a national examination, this proposal fails to address any of the numerous other concerns that students have regarding clinical licensing examinations.

Students have had limited opportunities to discuss the clinical exam with the examining community. One such rare occasion was the Southern Conference of Dental Deans and Examiners, when I presented you and other examiners with the student perspective. I think it would be beneficial to remind you of the various student concerns with the current model and how the new ADEX exam fails to ameliorate them:

  1. Assessment of Candidates: First, one of the most common complaints is lack of correlation between candidate competency and passing rate. If a high percentage of candidates who fail the first time are able to pass only a few months later during a make-up, then the exam’s reliability and validity come into question. Second, students are not evaluated equally. Some fortunate candidates are able to find patients with "ideal" carious lesions, while others must be tested on additional knowledge such as proper methods of preparation extension and judgment in the placement of bases and liners. Finally, students may fail due to examination bureaucracy. Incorrect paperwork, long lines into the grading area, and patients failing to show for their appointments have nothing to do with student competency or protecting the public, yet they have the potential to cause a failure. These three issues are common to all current regional testing exams and will continue with the new ADEX format as it is now proposed.
  2. Expense: While no official price tag has been provided for us, numerous informal conversations with examiners have suggested that the new exam could cost more than $1500. I fail to see why the proposed exam would need to cost significantly more than the current regional exams. I also would like to point out the added costs to students for the curriculum-integrated format. We feel it is wrong not to hold retake examinations at all testing centers. While we appreciate the opportunity to retake the exam before graduation, it is inappropriate to travel to "testing hubs", or larger, more centrally located dental schools, merely for the convenience of the examiners. There is already a substantial fee for retaking the examination, yet the student must also pay for his/her patients and assistant to travel to other testing centers. Some testing centers also charge substantial fees for the use of their facilities and instruments.
  3. Ethical Treatment of Patients: Although the examining community exists to protect the public, their examinations can serve to inadvertently harm them as well. The ADEX examination may be "curriculum-integrated", but the clinical portion is still offered only at the end of the year. Thus students will continue to delay treatment of "ideal" lesions and periodontal disease until testing day arrives. In addition, since students are faced with practical and financial burdens if they fail, there is an incentive to pass the exam rather than treat the patient. For example, students will rush to complete work if time is running out. This can lead to poor restorations that may pass the exam but are not the standard quality of care that could have been provided.
  4. Redundant Testing: The ADEX proposal would institute a computer-based portion that would test diagnostic skills, treatment planning, and other valuable areas of knowledge. However, the Part II National Board Dental Examination already adequately measures these skills. We fail to see the need for two national examinations that cover similar material.

These concerns may seem difficult to adequately address in any licensure model. However I have faith that the communities of interest working together may be able to overcome many of them. At this time, ASDA’s board is supporting Dr. Haught’s National Commission on Clinical Dental Licensing (NCCDL). We hope that the examining community will also choose to participate. ASDA believes this is a unique opportunity for the leaders of the dental community to oversee the development of an exam of which we can all be proud.

Sincerely,

Christopher Salierno, Stony Brook ’05
President, American Student Dental Association

cc:    Dr. Richard Haught, President, ADA
Dr. James Bramson, Executive Director, ADA
Dr. Eric Hovland, President, ADEA
Dr. Richard Valachovic, Executive Director, ADEA
Chairs, State Dental Boards, Regional Testing Agencies, CITA
Deans, United States Dental Schools


Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that ASDA recognizes and supports intended improvements within the ADEX examination, namely portability of licensure, and be it further

Resolved, that ASDA nonetheless does not support the current format of the ADEX examination.

House Action: Resolution Adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 300-2005

Title: Renaming of ASDA Regions to Districts

Background: ASDA is currently comprised of 11 regions. Regions 1-3 comprise the "Eastern Region," Regions 4-8 comprise the "Central Region," and Regions 9-11 comprise the "Western Region." This terminology is confusing as when discussing "Regions", it is not clear whether a singular region or regional grouping is referenced.

The ADA is geographically split into 17 Districts. If ASDA were to adopt this terminology and refer to its 11 "Regions" as "Districts", this confusion would be eliminated. In addition, this language mirrors that used by the ADA, increasing the general level of familiarity with ASDA’s structure.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that ASDA’s 11 Regions be renamed as Districts, and be it further

Resolved, that all official association documents be revised to reflect this change.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 301-2005

Title: Amendment to Removal from Office for Delegates

Background: The current procedure for removal from office requires that the following condition be met prior to any further action being taken: "there must be four documented instances of unreturned phone calls to the trustee or member of the Executive Committee within a consecutive five week period." This stipulation may prove to be problematic in a situation where a Delegate conducts his or her self in a manner which warrants removal from office, but at the same time has returned all telephone calls from the Regional Trustee and/or members of the Executive Committee.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that Part IV, Section 6 of the Bylaws be amended as follows:

Section 6. Removal from Office

Delegates may be removed from office for the reasons and according to the procedures specified by the predoctoral Chapter's Constitution and Bylaws, or other such governance document.
Delegates may also be removed from office for

  1. infringement of any of these Bylaws,
  2. commitment of an act discreditable to the profession of dentistry,
  3. being found by a court of law to have committed fraud or any other crime involving moral turpitude,
  4. failing to fulfill the duties and responsibilities of the position as specified in this Constitution and Bylaws.
  5. for cause


Prior to initiating procedures to remove a delegate from office for failure to fulfill the duties and responsibilities of the position as specified in this Constitution and Bylaws, the following conditions must be met:

  1. there are four documented instances of unreturned phone calls to the trustee or member of the Executive Committee within a consecutive five week period.
  2. after fulfillment of item (1), the regional trustee will contact the remaining predoctoral Chapter delegate(s) by mail or phone to explain the seriousness of the situation involving the delegate in question.
  3. if after fulfillment of items (1) and (2) there is still no communication by the delegate in question to the regional trustee or member of the executive committee, a letter (certified mail; return receipt requested) from the president concerning the delegate's performance will be sent to the delegate with a copy to the delegate's dean. The letter will indicate that if the delegate is unwilling or unable to fulfill the duties and responsibilities of the position as specified in the Constitution and Bylaws, that the Association's procedures to remove the delegate from office will be initiated.
  4. if no response to the President's letter is received within two weeks of receipt of the letter by the delegate, a second letter from the President will be sent (certified mail, return receipt requested with a copy to the delegate's Dean), notifying the delegate that the Association's procedures for removing the delegate from office have been initiated.
  5. if at any time during the fulfillment of conditions (1) to (4) a Trustee or member of the Executive Committee is able to contact the delegate and the delegate refuses to correct a course of action that is included in the reasons for removal from office at the beginning of this section, the President shall be notified. Upon such notification the President shall send a letter (certified mail, return receipt requested with a copy to the delegate's Dean), notifying the delegate that the Association's procedures for removing the delegate from office have been initiated.

A committee of the Board of Trustees shall consider all complaints made against Delegates that involve possible cause for removal from office. If a majority of the members of the committee is of the opinion that the Delegate should be removed from office, the Committee shall report its conclusion to the Board of Trustees which shall make the final determination.

If the Board of Trustees decides to remove a Delegate from office, the Secretary shall inform the Delegate of the decision by registered mail, sent to the Delegate at the address shown on the Association's records. The Secretary shall also notify the predoctoral Chapter's remaining Delegate and other Chapter officers of record of the action, so that the vacancy may be filled according to the procedures described in Part IV ? House of Delegates, Section 5. Vacancy of these Bylaws.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 302-2005

Title: Position Description for Members-at-Large

Background: Review of the association’s governing documents revealed that although Members-at-Large are appointed to Councils and Task Forces, there is no official description for this position. For this reason the Council on Governance and Professional Issues developed and is proposing adoption of the following position description for Member-at-Large.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, That Part V of the Bylaws be amended as follows:

Section 10. Members-at-Large


A.  Members-at-Large

Active predoctoral members of the Association may be appointed to serve as members of the Association’s Councils or Task Forces without holding a position that makes them an ex officio member.


B.  Duties and Responsibilities

  1. Members-at-Large will perform whatever duties are required of them as members of a Council or Task Force. Specific duties will be defined by the Council or Task Force Chair.
  2. Members-at-Large will be funded to attend all meetings of the Council or Task Force to which they are assigned. Members-at-Large will not be funded to attend Annual Session.
  3. Members-at-Large will have full rights of participation and voting on any Council or Task Force to which they are appointed.


C.  Qualifications

  1. Active predoctoral member of the Association.
  2. Individuals who have demonstrated a commitment to the Association and possess expertise of value to a Council or Task Force.
  3. Availability and willingness to carry out the duties and responsibilities.


D.  Selection

  1. Members-at-Large will be appointed by the newly elected Executive Committee immediately following Annual Session. Appointees will have two weeks to accept their appointment and to forward to the Central Office a letter from their Dean indicating that they are in good academic standing.
  2. The pool of candidates to be considered by the Executive Committee should include but not be limited to candidates for EC or Speaker of the House who were not elected and Externs completing their term at Annual Session.
  3. The Executive Committee may not appoint more than four (4) Members-at-Large without approval from the full Board of Trustees to increase the number of appointments.


E.  Term of Duty

The term of duty for each Member-at-Large will be from the date of their appointment until the close of the following Annual Session.

And be it further

Resolved, that Sections 10-12 be renumbered to reflect this change.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 303-2005

Title: Creation of a Council on Annual Session

Background: The Board of Trustees appointed a Council on Annual Session at its January meeting. This council has worked with central office staff, participating in the planning of the 2005 Annual Session. The Executive Committee reviewed this council’s work and is proposing that this council be continued for upcoming annual sessions.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that a Council on Annual Session be authorized on a yearly basis to meet during the Fall and Spring Leadership Conferences, and be it further

Resolved, that the members of the council be appointed by the Executive Committee, and be it further

Resolved, that the Immediate Past President serve as council chair, and that the council include the Speaker of the House of Delegates and one (non-voting) staff liaison, and be it further

Resolved, that the Executive Committee may also appoint additional members who are already funded to the Fall and Spring Leadership Conferences to serve on the council, and be it further

Resolved, that this council participate in the planning of each year’s annual session.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 304-2005

Title: Amendment to Presidential Executive Authority

Background: ASDA’s Bylaws currently grant the association’s President with executive authority on the Executive Committee and on day-to-day matters. This is problematic as it allows the President to potentially override a majority vote of the Executive Committee. For this reason, Part V, Section 1, C of the Bylaws should be amended to limit the President’s authority.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that Bylaws Part V, Section 1, C, Powers be amended as follows:

The President of the Association shall be the official spokesperson for the organization, as well as serving as chair of the Board of Trustees. The President shall have voting privileges on the Board of Trustees only when his or her vote will affect the outcome of the vote. The President shall have voting privileges on the Executive Committee only when his or her vote will affect the outcome of the vote.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 305-2005

Title: Deadline for Applications for Speaker of the House and Executive Committee

Background: A discrepancy exists between application deadlines for Speaker of the House and Executive Committee positions as outlined in the Constitution and Bylaws and the Operating Policies and Procedures of the Board of Trustees. In one case, the deadline is set at 60 days prior to Annual Session while the other sets the deadline at 60 days prior to the opening of the House of Delegates. In order to avoid confusion, a date should be selected as the annual deadline for submission of applications for these positions.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that the deadline for applications for Speaker of the House of Delegates and Executive Committee candidates be June 22, and be it further

Resolved, that should June 22 fall less than 60 days prior to the opening of Annual Session in any given year, the application deadline of 60 days prior to the opening of Annual Session will be observed, and be it further

Resolved, that all official documents of the association be amended to reflect this change.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 306-2005

Title: Deadline for Amendments to Constitution and Bylaws

Background: Currently, proposed amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws must be submitted 60 days prior to the opening of the House of Delegates. In order to avoid potential confusion, a date should be selected as the annual deadline for submission of proposed amendments.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that the deadline for proposed amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws be June 22, and be it further

Resolved, that should June 22 fall less than 60 days prior to the opening of Annual Session in any given year, a deadline of 60 days prior to the opening of Annual Session will be observed, and be it further

Resolved, that all official documents of the association be amended to reflect this change.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 307-2005

Title: Revision to Speaker of the House Election

Background: In reviewing the association’s governance documents, the Council on Governance and Professional issues discovered that information on the election of the Speaker of the House of Delegates included in the Bylaws should be updated in order to remain consistent with the election procedures outlined in the Operating Policies and Procedures of the Board of Trustees.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that Bylaws Part V, Section 5 E, Election, be amended as follows:

E.  Election

  1. Candidates wishing to run for the position of Speaker of the House of Delegates must submit an application by June 22, or 60 days prior to the opening of the Annual Session of the House of   Delegates, whichever falls first. An application consists of a curriculum vitae, a letter of intent, and a letter from the dean confirming good academic standing.
  2. The Speaker shall be elected by a simple majority vote of the House of Delegates.
  3. The election for Speaker of the House will be held concurrently with Executive Committee elections.
  4. The Speaker of the House of Delegates may not serve as a Delegate during his or her term as Speaker. If the Speaker serves as a Delegate at the time of his or her election, the respective Chapter shall elect a new Delegate with full voting rights and privileges to fill the vacancy.

 

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 308-2005

Title: Revision of Election Procedures

Background: 

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that Part V, Section 1, E, Election, Sections 3-5 of the Bylaws be substituted with the following text:

First Ballot 

The first ballot elects the Executive Committee and, if possible the Speaker. If there are only three candidates for Executive Committee, this ballot will also elect the President.

Election polls are open from one-half (?) hour before until one (1) hour after the scheduled opening of the Saturday morning session of the House of Delegates, in a room or area near the location of the House of Delegates business meeting. Delegates are responsible for voting during this time period and must present valid credentials to the election staff in order to receive a ballot. Elections are conducted by secret written ballot.

The first ballot contains the names of all official candidates. Delegates must vote for three different Executive Committee candidates on this ballot. If fewer than three are marked the ballot will not be counted. Candidates may only vote for one Speaker candidate on this ballot. If more than one is marked the ballot will not be counted.

The results of the first round of balloting will be announced to the House of Delegates no later than two (2) hours after the open of the Saturday morning session of the House of Delegates.

If on the first ballot there are more than three but fewer than seven Executive Committee candidates, the three candidates receiving the highest number of votes will be elected to the Executive Committee. Each new Executive Committee member will answer questions from the Delegates after the announcement of the ballot results. Questions are to be submitted by 4:30 p.m. Friday. The Speaker will select five (5) questions from among those submitted. Each candidate will be given one (1) minute to answer each of the questions. The other candidates will remain outside the House of Delegates meeting room during questioning.

If there are at least seven candidates on the first ballot, the five candidates receiving the highest number of votes will have their names placed on the second ballot. Candidates do not address the House at this time.

Second Ballot 

The second ballot elects the President. It may also be a run-off for Speaker of the House or the Election of the Executive Committee under certain circumstances

Election polls are open from one-half (?) hour before until one (1) hour after the scheduled opening of the Saturday afternoon session of the House of Delegates, in a room or area near the location of the House of Delegates business meeting. Delegates are responsible for voting during this time period and must present valid credentials to the election staff in order to receive a ballot. Elections are conducted by secret written ballot.

The results of the second round of balloting will be announced to the House of Delegates no later than two (2) hours after the open of the Saturday afternoon session of the House of Delegates.

If there is a second ballot with only three candidates, the President of the Association is then elected from these three candidates by simple majority vote. If no candidate receives a majority of votes in the ballot to elect the President, then the two candidates receiving the highest number of votes will be listed on a third ballot.

If on the second ballot there are five Executive Committee candidates, Delegates must vote for three different Executive Committee candidates on this ballot. If fewer than three are marked the ballot will not be counted. The three candidates receiving the highest number of votes will be elected to the Executive Committee. Each new Executive Committee member will answer questions from the Delegates after the announcement of the ballot results. Questions are to be submitted by 4:30 p.m. Friday. The Speaker will select five (5) questions from among those submitted. Each candidate will be given one (1) minute to answer each of the questions. The other candidates will remain outside the House of Delegates meeting room during questioning.

If a tie occurs on the second ballot for the election of the President or Speaker of the House, the two names will be placed on a third ballot.

Third Ballot 

If a third round of balloting is necessary because there were seven or more original Executive Committee candidates, or if no one candidate receives a simple majority in the election for President, polls will reopen immediately after the announcement of the results of the second ballot or any question session required as a result of that ballot.

The results of the third round of balloting will be announced to the House of Delegates as quickly as reasonably possible.

If a tie occurs on a two-candidate third ballot to elect the President or Speaker of the House, the House of Delegates shall recess for 30 minutes for the purpose of caucusing, followed by one additional ballot. If a tie occurs on this ballot, the next ballot shall be taken during the House of Delegates next meeting during that Annual Session.

Results 

The candidate who achieves a simple majority vote on any Executive Committee ballot containing three or fewer names is elected President of the Association.

The other two Executive Committee candidates become the Association's Vice Presidents. The new officers serve a term commencing with the adjournment of the Annual Session and ending with the adjournment of the subsequent Annual Session.

Any Delegate who will not be able to vote on the first day of balloting may obtain an absentee ballot, for the first round of balloting only, from the Secretary after 4:30 p.m. on the day before the election, typically Friday.

House Action: Adopted by House of Delegates

Resolution Number: 310-2005

Title: Reorganization of Predental Membership

Background: At the January meeting of the Board of Trustees, ASDA’s current predental program was reviewed, with a focus placed on organizational issues and increasing of predental membership. Some issues which emerged in relation to the predental chapter structure included difficulties in maintaining continuity, membership requirements involved in establishing a chapter, and benefits of individual ASDA predental membership vs. ASDA predental chapter membership.

This proposed change is not intended to discourage predental membership. Quite the contrary, we have made great strides this year in recruiting predental students under the leadership of Larissa Figari, our Consultant on Membership Marketing and Services.

Over the past few years, ASDA has received numerous complaints from predental and predoctoral members that the requirements for establishing an officially-recognized ASDA pre-dental chapter were too strict. As you may remember, pre-dental chapters were required to have a constitution and bylaws, at least five members, and numerous other regulations. These rules were necessary from a legal and organizational standpoint to protect our association. Advice from legal counsel recommends that should chapters continue to exist, affiliation agreements and tax exemption issues need to be addressed. Additionally, we realized that being a member of an official chapter as opposed to a club offered no additional benefits.

Our goal is to tear down unnecessary red tape and make it easier for predental students to join ASDA. Without the chapter system, students can organize their pre-dental clubs to fit the unique needs of their own campus.

The following resolution was adopted as an interim policy of the Board of Trustees at its January meeting.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that ASDA discontinue predental chapter membership and be it further

Resolved, that ASDA continue to focus on the recruitment of individual predental members, and be it further

Resolved, that Article V, Section 3 of the Constitution be amended as follows:

Section 3. Chapters

Each dental school shall be eligible for a charter as a predoctoral Chapter of this Association as defined in the Bylaws. Predoctoral Chapters are separate legal entities. The association is not responsible for debts or obligations of predoctoral chapters and predoctoral chapters are not responsible for the debts or obligations incurred by the association. Predoctoral Chapter membership shall consist of the active members of each dental school. The purpose of a predoctoral Chapter shall be:

A.  To promote the objectives of the Association and membership therein among local dental students.
B.  To educate, inform and involve local members in the activities of the Association at all levels.
C.  To provide local members with representation by two Delegates to the Association's House of Delegates.
D.  To function as a form of local student government. The nature of each predoctoral Chapter shall be determined only by its member constituency.

and be it further

Resolved, that Part II, Section 1 of the Bylaws be amended as follows:

PART II ? CHAPTERS

Section 1. Chapter Qualifications

Each existing dental school in the United States, including the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, shall be designated as a predoctoral Chapter of this Association. A new dental school qualifies for predoctoral Chapter status a month after its first class of freshman students is admitted.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 311-2005

Title: Student Representation in State Dental Societies

Background: The Task Force on State Dental Society Liaisons has examined this issue, and has decided that it is not possible for the Task Force or Board of Trustees comply with HOD 309-2004. This resolution did not contain sufficient direction from the House to guide the development of a network of State Dental Society Liaisons. In addition, the Board of Trustees and House of Delegates decided last year that the model program for any such network, the Rhode Island Delegate, should be a Multi-Regional rather than a National appointment (see HOD 305-2004). Under the new policy adopted by the House of Delegates this position is appointed by the Trustees of Regions 1-3 rather than the full Board of Trustees.

We therefore recommend that a similar approach be taken with other states. Students interested in gaining a voice in a state with no school should work with Trustees and other students from Regions with schools likely to have students who are also from that state. Trustees will secure support from the National Leadership, while motivated students will be the driving force behind any effort to gain representation.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that HOD 309-2004 be rescinded, and be it further

Resolved, that students interested in gaining representation in the State Dental Societies of States with no dental school should contact the Trustees of adjacent and/or geographically proximate states to determine what resources are available to help them work toward that goal.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 312-2005

Title: Creation of a Task Force on Access to Care

Background: The board reviewed the Task Forces which had been authorized for the 2004-05 year, and based on this review and consideration of current issues of importance to dental students, propose the creation of a Task Force on Access to Care.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that a Task Force on Access to Care be authorized for 2005-06 to meet during the Fall and Spring Leadership Conferences, and be it further

Resolved, that the members of the 2005-06 task force be appointed by the Executive Committee, and be it further

Resolved, that the task force include no less than four members who are either consultants, members of the Board of Trustees, or Members-at-Large who are already funded to the Fall and Spring Leadership Conferences, and one (non-voting) staff liaison, and be it further

Resolved, that this task force aid the Board of Trustees in their efforts to monitor developments pertaining to access to care issues.

House Action: Resolution adopted by the House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 313-2005

Title:  Distribution of ASDA Publications to FIrst-Year Dental Students

Background: Because ASDA membership runs on a calendar year (Jan - Dec), first year dental students do not currently receive ASDA publications during their first semester. The receipt of ASDA publications is an important tangible benefit of membership, offering new members a professional introduction to the organizational structure of ASDA and guidance about dental school life. If a change is made to allow first year dental students to receive the publications during their first semester, they may more quickly become active in the local chapter as well as become better prepared for applying and running for national positions. Chapter leaders at recruiting chapters will have an immediate benefit to offer students that join at the beginning of their dental education. The local leadership will also have an incentive to more quickly submit their membership remittance in order to accelerate the processing of the publications for first year members.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, That the ASDA editorial board should investigate the feasibility and logistics of distributing the ASDA publications to first year dental students as soon as their remittance has been received by the central office; and be it further

Resolved, That the editorial board report their findings to the January 2006 Board of Trustees meeting.

House Action: Resolution adopted by House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 314-2005

Title: Investigation of the Facts of the Alaskan Dental Health Aide Therapist Program

Background: The American Dental Association (ADA) and Alaskan Dental Society (ADS) are concerned with the implementation of a midlevel dental provider program. These concerns include, but are not limited to:

  • Non-dentists are being permitted to perform irreversible procedures.
  • These therapists will have fewer years of education than a dentist would upon graduation.
  • Dental therapists’ scope of practice involves procedures that may need more advanced knowledge if an emergency occurs.
  • They are worried that a precedent will be set with unknown consequences.

The Alaskan Dental Health Aide Therapist program is a unique solution to a unique problem:

  • The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 provides tribes with the autonomy to make their own health care decisions.
  • Villages are isolated from regional tribal health care providers due to, but not limited to, lack of roads, weather, geography and costs.
  • The midlevel dental provider model has found decades of success in other countries (e.g., Canada and New Zealand) in the opinion of the care recipients.
  • These dental health aide therapists enroll in an 18 month program at a recognized dental school in New Zealand. This 85 year old program provides intensive training for a focused scope of practice. In addition to this training, they are required to participate in an extended preceptor program at a regional Native Alaskan dental clinic and to take continuing education classes.

The authors are not proposing that one or the other side is correct, but that ASDA as an organization, being concerned with the access to care problem, should not form an opinion without looking at both sides of the issue. All possible solutions and their ramifications should be explored.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that ASDA recognize the unique access to care problem of the Native Alaskans; and be it further

Resolved, that the appropriate council or task force, as assigned by the Executive Committee, study the facts of the Alaskan Dental Health Aide Therapist program and interview parties, including but not limited to, public health dentists on both sides of the issue prior to the spring meeting of the Board of Trustees; and be it further

Resolved, that the council or task force present its findings and any recommendations to the Board of Trustees; and be it further

Resolved, that the council or task force present its findings to the 2006 House of Delegates.

House Action: Resolution adopted by the House of Delegates.

Resolution Number: 315RC-2005

Title: Revision of Policy C-1

Background: Last year the ADA House of Delegates adopted Resolution 67RC - Diagnosis or Performance of Irreversible Dental Procedures by Non-dentists. This resolution states " that the American Dental Association by all appropriate federal legislative and judicial means resist any nondentist to diagnose or perform irreversible dental procedures except as otherwise authorized by state law with reference to physicians". With this resolution ASDA’s policy will be amended to coincide with the current ADA policy.

Therefore be it

RESOLUTION 

Resolved, that ASDA’s policy C-1, Expanded Functions of Dental Assistants and Dental Hygienists (1973, revised 1991, 1994 and 2000) be revised with the following:

The American Student Dental Association endorses expanded functions for dental auxiliaries only when each has received the appropriate education and training to guarantee competence, and when such functions fall within the laws established by their respective state of employment.

It is incumbent on the profession to assure that expanded functions for dental auxiliaries will not adversely affect the health and well-being of the public.

The practice of dentistry entails more than the simple performance of routine technical procedures. A dentist must possess a wide range of knowledge of the biological, anatomical, and physiological sciences in order to successfully and safely perform such procedures. A dentist must also be able to process and apply both the knowledge and the skills acquired in dental school in order to successfully and safely perform these tasks.

Thus, only the dentist should perform the following functions. These functions include but are not limited to:

a.  Examination, diagnosis and treatment planning
b.  Prescribing work authorizations
c.  Performing irreversible dental procedures
d.  Prescribing drugs and/or other medications

House Action: Resolution adopted by the House of Delegates.

 

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